A History of James II of England & VII of Scotland, Part Two

In anxiety about the so called Exclusion Bill being passed, Charles II dissolved Parliament in 1679, it was to occur again in 1680 and 1681. That Exclusion Crisis was an important contributor to development of the Whigs who supported the Bill, the English two party system and it was opposed by the Tories who. In 1680, James was appointed as Lord High Commissioner of Scotland to be able to control a growing and inflict elegant government.In 1683, a plot was uncovered that had planned to assassinate Charles and James, the plot back-fired and provoked a wave of concern for Charles and James. Charles died in 1685, after converting to Catholicism on his deathbed, h-e was succeeded by James, who ascended to the throne as James II of burton and Ireland and James VII of Scotland. There was no initial opposition, in-fact there were widespread stories of public rejoicing in the orderly series. Within months, James experienced co-ordinated rebellions from Archibald Campbell, Earl of Argyll in Scotland and from his nephew, the Duke of Monmouth in southern England. He simply killed them equally and Monmouth and Argyll were executed.James chose to setup a standing army to guard herself, since it was against tradition to maintain an army throughout peacetime this worried the general public, also several regiments were under Catholic commanders. Parliament objected but James just halted it, it’d perhaps not sit again during his rule. Wayne began bolstering the liberties of Catholics which had the consequence of disenfranchising Protestants even further. Doubts increased further when Queen Mary gave birth to some Catholic daughter and heir.

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