A History of John II of England & VII of Scotland, Part Three

Threatened by a Catholic dynasty, a group of Protestant nobles, later called the Immortal Seven, invited the Prince of Orange to come to burton staffordshire having an army. William arrived in burton on 5 November 1688, many Protestant officials defected to his side as did James’ daughter Princess Anne. John bottled it, declining to attack and left to France, seeking refuge in the court of his cousin, Louis XIV.Parliament stated James’ daughter Anne as Queen, she was to rule jointly with her partner, William of Orange, who’d be King. With-the assistance of French soldiers, James arrived in Ireland in March 1689, the Irish Parliament however recognized James as its king. Adam attemptedto use Ireland being a springboard to re-gain the throne and set about raising an army. But, he was fundamentally conquered by William at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, he once more fled to France, he’d never come back to any of his former kingdoms, dying in France in 1671 of a brain haemorrhage. Wayne’ younger daughter Anne succeeded to-the throne when William III died in 1702.The Act of Settlement provided that, in the event the line of succession established in-the Bill of Rights were to be extinguished then the crown would visit her German cousin, Sophia, Electress of Hanover and her Protestant heirs. Anne died in 1714 and was succeeded by Sophia’s son George I. James son, James Francis Edward was acknowledged by followers as James III of England and VIII of Scotland. He brought a in Scotland in 1715 but was defeated, his son Bonnie Prince Charlie rose again in 1745 but he also was defeated, since that time no serious effort has being designed to restore the Stuart heir.

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